Reinventing the Dimensions of Reading Attitude and Reading Motivation among Santri

Banatul Murtafi'ah, Nur Hidayanto Pancoro Setyo Putro


A large and growing body of literature has investigated students’ reading attitude and motivation either in elementary or secondary levels. Unfortunately, there remains a paucity of similar study in the context of santri or students in Islamic boarding school. This study, therefore, examined the reading attitude and motivation dimensions among santris. Three hundred and nineteen students at pesantren-based senior high schools in Yogyakarta Special Region province participated in this study by completing reading attitude survey adapted from McKenna et al. (1995; 2012) and motivational reading questionnaire (MRQ) adapted from Wigfield and Guthrie (1997). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that reading attitude was represented by two dimensions as suggested by the finding in previous studies. On the other hand, instead of eleven, only seven reading motivation dimensions manifested in this present study. Reliability coefficients for all the subscales were acceptable. Finally, correlations analysis revealed that each dimension of both reading attitude and motivation were correlated positively.


reading attitude, reading motivation, dimension, santri

Full Text:



Harrison, C, “Understanding Reading Development,” London: SAGE Publication Ltd, 2004.

Noor, N. M, “Reading Habits and Preferences of EFL Post Graduates: A Case Study,” Conaplin Journal, vol.1, pp. 1-9, 2011.

Nation, I. Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing. New York: Routledge; 2009.

Salikin, H., Bin-Tahir, S. Z., Kusumaningputri, R., & Yuliandari, D. P, “The Indonesian EFL Learners' Motivation in Reading,” Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 10, pp. 81-90, 2017.

BSNP (National Education Standards Agency in Bahasa), “Operational Procedures for the 2016/2017 Academic Year National Examination Implementation Standards,” 2017; Available from:

McKenna, M.C., Conradi, K., Lawrence, C., Jang, B.G., Meyer, J.P, “Reading Attitudes of Middle School Students: Results of a U.S. Survey,” Reading Research Quarterly, vol.47, pp. 283-306, 2012.

Conradi, K., Jang, B. G., Bryant, C., Craft, A., & McKenna, M. C, “Measuring Adolescents' Attitudes Toward Reading: A Classroom Survey,” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, vol. 56, pp. 565-576, 2013.

Unrau, N., & Schlackman, J, “Motivation and its relationship with reading achievement in an urban middle school,” The Journal of Educational Research, PP. 81-101, 2006.

Guthrie, J. T., Klauda, S. L., & Ho, A. N, “Modelling the Relationships among Reading Instruction, Motivation, Engagement, and Achievement for Adolescents,” Reading Research Quarterl, vol. 48, pp. 9-26, 2013.

Bappeda DIY. Aplikasi Dataku. Available from Aplikasi Dataku: [Accessed August 14, 2017].

Smith, M. C. A longitudinal investigation of reading attitude development from childhood to adulthood. The Journal of Educational Research. 1990; vol.83, pp. 215-219.

Petscher, Y. A, “Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Student Attitudes Toward Reading and Achievement In Reading,” Journal of Research in Reading,; vol. 33, pp. 335-355, 2010.

McKenna, M. C., Kear, D. J., & Ellsworth, R. A, “Children's Attitudes Toward Reading: A National Survey,” Reading Research Quarterly, vol. 30, pp. 934-956, 1995.

Gambrell, L. B., Palmer, B. M., Codling, R. M., & Mazzoni, S. A, “Assessing Motivation to Read,” The Reading Teacher, pp. 518-533, 1996.

Guthrie, J. T., & Wigfield, A, “Engagement and Motivation in Reading,” In M. L. Kamil, P. B. Mosenthal, P. D. Pearson, & R. Barr. (eds). Handbook of Reading Research. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 403-422, 2000.

Wang, J. H. Y., & Guthrie, J. T, “Modeling the Effects of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Amount of Reading, and Past Reading Achievement on Text Comprehension Between U.S. and Chinese Students,” Reading Research Quarterly, vol. 39, pp. 162-186, 2004.

Mori, S, “Redefining Motivation to Read in a Foreign Language,” Reading in a Foreign Language, vol.14, pp. 91-110, 2002.

Wigfield, A., Guthrie, J.T., “Relations of Children's Motivation for Reading to the Amount and Breadth of their Reading,” Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 89, pp. 420-432, 1997.

Hidayat, R. Santri, kyai, and Ulama: Framing masculinity within Indonesian religious elites. In International Workshop on Masculinities in Asia. Singapore: National University of Singapore, pp. 1-14, 2011.

Fauzi, M, “Traditional Islam in Javanese Society: The roles of Kyai and Pesantren in Preserving Islamic Tradition and Negotiating Modernity,” Journal of Indonesian Islam, vol. 6, pp. 125-144, 2012.

Dhofier, Z, Pesantren Tradition: Study of the Kyai's Life View and His Vision of Indonesia's Future. Jakarta: LP3ES; 2011.

Muhaimin, A. G. The Islamic traditions of Cirebon: Ibadat and adat among Javanese muslims. Canberra: ANU E Press; 2006.

Wang, J., & Wang, X. Structural equation modeling: Applications using Mplus. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2012.

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R, “Structural Equation Modelling: Guidelines for Determining Model fit,” Electronic Journal of Business Rsearch Methods, vol. 6, pp. 53-60, 2008.

Byrne, B. M, “The Maslach Burnout Inventory: Validating Factorial Structure And Invariance Across Intermediate, Secondary, and University Students, Multivariate behavioral research, vol. 26, pp. 583-605, 1991.

Mahasin, A. Santri: Generasi millenial-vertikal. Available from NU Online: [Accessed 11 February, 2018].

Field, A, Discovering statistics using SPSS 3rd edition. London: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2009.

Asnawi, Y. H., Soetarto, E., Damanhuri, D. S., & Sunito, S, “Values and Tradition Inheritance in the Pesantren,” Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 27-31, 2016.

Baker, L., & Wigfield, A, “Dimensions of Children's Motivation for Reading and their Relations to Reading Activity and Reading Achievement,” Reading Research Quarterly, vol. 34, pp. 452-477, 1999.

Watkins, M. W., & Coffey, D. Y., “Reading Motivation: Multidimensional and Indeterminate,” Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 96, pp. 110-118, 2004.

Guthrie, J. T., Hoa, A. L., Wigfield, A., Tonks, S. M., Humenick, N. M., & Littles, E., “Reading Motivation and Reading Comprehension Growth in the Later Elementary Years,” Contemporary Educational Psychology, pp.282-313, 2007.

Chairani, L., & Subandi, M. Psychology of santri pengafal Al Qur'an: The role of self regulation. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2010.

Zarkasyi, H. F., “Modern Pondok Pesantren: Maintaining Tradition in Modern System,” Tsaqafah Jurnal Peradaban Islam, vol.11, pp. 223-248, 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)
ISSN: 2089-9823, e-ISSN 2302-9277
Published by: Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)

View EduLearn Stats